VMware Releases Security Updates for Multiple Products

1. Impacted Products
  • VMware vSphere ESXi (ESXi)
  • VMware Workstation Pro / Player (Workstation)
  • VMware Fusion Pro / Fusion (Fusion)
2. Introduction
VMware ESXi, Workstation and Fusion updates address the following pixel shader vulnerabilities:
  • CVE-2019-5521 – Out-of-bounds read vulnerability – CVSSv3 = 6.3-7.7
  • CVE-2019-5684 – Out-of-bounds write vulnerability – CVSSv3 = 8.5
3. VMware ESXi, Workstation and Fusion pixel shader out-of-bounds read/write vulnerabilities (CVE-2019-5521, CVE-2019-5684)


VMware ESXi, Workstation and Fusion contain out-of-bounds read/write vulnerabilities in the pixel shader functionality. VMware has evaluated the severity of these issues to be in the Important severity range with a maximum CVSSv3 base score of 8.5.

Known Attack Vectors:

Exploitation of these issues require an attacker to have access to a virtual machine with 3D graphics enabled. It is not enabled by default on ESXi and is enabled by default on Workstation and Fusion.

Successful exploitation of the out-of-bounds read issue (CVE-2019-5521) may lead to information disclosure or may allow attackers with normal user privileges to create a denial-of-service condition on the host.

The out-of-bounds write issue (CVE-2019-5684) can be exploited only if the host has an affected NVIDIA graphics driver. Successful exploitation of this issue may lead to code execution on the host. Customers should check NVIDIA security advisory for additional information. 


  • To remediate these vulnerabilities, apply the patches listed in the ‘Fixed Version’ column of the ‘Resolution Matrix’ found below.
  • Alternatively, CVE-2019-5684 can be remediated by installing the updated NVIDIA graphics driver.

Download the required updates here

Duncan Newell

Duncan is a technology professional with over 20 years experience of working in various IT roles. He has a interest in cyber security, and has a wide range of other skills in radio, electronics and telecommunications.

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